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|Ci01||Structural Design: Analyze structures and design and document structural steel, timber, concrete, and marine systems.
- Analyze, design and evaluate allowable loading combinations on civil related structures as identified by the National Building Code of Canada.
- Apply the principles of Limit States Design to analyze and resolve structural problems and to design structural systems.
- Design structural elements such as; beams, columns, walls, and floor systems in structural steel, timber, and reinforced concrete. Calculate the effects of flexural and axial loads applied in combination. Analyze and design bolted or welded connections in steel and standard connections in timber. Design structural elements such as; beams, columns, walls, and floor systems in structural steel, timber and reinforced concrete. Calculate the effects of flexural and axial loads applied in combination.
- Analyze, prepare and evaluate plans and shop drawings for structural steel, timber, and concrete designs.
- Analyze construction drawings including those for structural steel, steel connections, reinforcing steel layouts and formwork / false work designs and assess their conformity with design practices and applicable codes. Interpret working drawings to assess construction activities and ensure compliance of work.
- Analyze, design and evaluate forms for concrete footings, walls, beams, slabs, and columns, including shoring and bracing.
- Analyze, design and evaluate a reinforced concrete slab, a simple and a continuous beam, a cantilevered beam and/or a slab, including the selection and placement of reinforcing steel, cut off distances and anchorage requirements. Apply, analyze, design and evaluate strength design concepts and procedures, including that of "balanced design”.
- Design, prepare and evaluate placement drawings for reinforcing steel for reinforced concrete structures and demonstrate the knowledge needed to verify steel placement.
- Analyze, design and evaluate concrete foundations, according to loading requirements and codes, taking into account the bearing capacity of soils.
- Analyze and design marine structures considering the effects of tides, currents, wind, waves, and ice taken from published data. Calculate the forces on vertical walls due to breaking and non-breaking waves. Evaluate the impact of the environment on marine structures.
|Ci02||Construction: Supervise the construction of civil engineering projects and evaluate materials, methods and equipment used in construction.
- Specify materials and equipment for civil projects utilizing knowledge of specifications, performance properties, limitations and safety considerations of equipment and materials.
- Analyze, design and evaluate the technical criteria used in the design, layout, and construction of civil engineering projects.
- Identify, analyze, resolve and evaluate technical problems in the design, layout, and construction of civil engineering projects.
- Select, analyze, design and evaluate appropriate project management principles and methods.
- Select, analyze, design and evaluate appropriate project management principles and methods.
- Analyze, select and evaluate the financial resources, human resources, and time-lines of civil engineering projects.
- Analyze, select and evaluate the organizational and time-management strategies to support civil engineering projects.
- Analyze failure and accident reports and make appropriate recommendations.
- Create deficiency lists and recommend solutions.
- Analyze, select, implement and evaluate comprehensive job safety measures in compliance with provincial and federal health and safety acts, bylaws, etc.
- Select and specify methods to be used in implementing and completing construction projects in a safe, effective, and efficient manner.
- Supervise quality-assurance inspection and testing of materials, methods, and equipment. Interpret results and effect necessary adjustments or changes.
- Select and apply estimating and scheduling software.
|Ci03||Municipal Infrastructure: Analyze, design, document, inspect, implement, monitor and trouble shoot municipal and urban infrastructure.
- Assess a property’s suitability for development through successful completion of concept and serviceability plans.
- Plan and design urban road networks in accordance with best engineering practice and local regulations.
- Produce detailed design drawings for an urban subdivision applying appropriate theory and design criteria and using engineering software. Design to consider economics, environmental, and engineering management. Document centerline chainage, roads, sidewalks, storm catchments, sanitary catchments, storm/sanitary/water main and profile plans and other services.
- Apply federal, provincial, and municipal acts, codes, regulations, and standards to minimize the environmental impact caused by urbanization and related construction activities.
- Evaluate the requirements for and design water services, sanitary sewers, storm sewers, and storm water management systems in accordance with provincial and municipal standards. 6. Evaluate the municipal requirements for water and waste water systems to meet regulatory agencies requirements and standards and to minimize the environmental impact caused by urbanization and related construction activities.
- Evaluate the requirements for hydraulic structures such as flumes and weirs by applying the properties and characteristics of open channel flow. Calculate flow rates, and recommend erosion control for various types of open channels based on hydraulic principles and conventions.
- Evaluate the municipal requirements for a solid waste system including the factors and environmental conditions associated with the design, construction, and operation of a sanitary landfill to meet regulatory agencies requirements.
- Evaluate municipal requirements for air and noise systems to meet regulatory agencies requirements.
- Incorporate Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) during the design process.
|Ci04||Environmental Infrastructure Assessment and Remediation: Analyze, design, document, inspect, implement, monitor and trouble shoot environmental infrastructure and implement environmental monitoring, assessment and remediation programs.Indicators of performance such as:
- Evaluate and recommend the implementation of engineering solutions to eliminate environmentally damaging activities. Demonstrate the knowledge needed to implement 3R approaches to minimize wastes.
- Design, inspect, and supervise a project in compliance with provincial and federal environmental protection legislation and in conjunction with industry.
- Evaluate potential environmental hazards, such as: noise pollution, the types of pollutants removed by primary, secondary, and tertiary treatments of effluents and waste, emission from landfills, and waste products from agricultural / industrial / manufacturing processes.
- Conduct preliminary site investigations following applicable regulatory criteria to assess background or natural conditions of the materials or natural environment to establish astatistically acceptable "base line" condition, using computer modeling to simulate the fate and transport of contaminants.
- Develop and implement environmental impact studies to assess the effects of development on areas such as air, land, water, biological, limnological, ecological, social and economic Recommend project alternative and revisions to reduce environmental impact for the project. Review proposals with external stakeholders. Prepare environmental impact assessment reports.
- Develop waste, site remediation, and decommissioning strategies, and to conduct post remediation/decommissioning testing.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of pollution control equipment intended to mitigate the environmental impact of specific activities.
- Recommend prescriptive treatments for improving fish habitat deficiencies and production capabilities for a given set of conditions.
- Develop and implement watershed and wetlands assessment utilizing field procedures, such as: data collection, scoring, and mapping, including delineation of riparian zones by plan interpretation, field marking, and compliance monitoring.
- Prepare environmental impact assessment reports.
- Develop audit procedures for a facility and evaluate the audit to ascertain that due diligence has been observed.
|Ci05||Hydrology: Analyze, design, document, inspect, implement monitor and troubleshoot hydraulic infrastructure
- Analyze stream channels and drainage structures documenting: stream hydrology, channel morphology, sediment transport capability, mass wasting processes, and impacts and methods to minimize wasting.
- Classify stream sediment load and calculate movement rates and sediment discharge.
- Evaluate the requirements for flow frequency analysis in a river engineering project and its hydraulic structure design.
- Evaluate criteria for a dam design and its construction.
- Assess hydraulic structures for maintenance and rehabilitation recommendations.
- Interpret geologic, groundwater, and piezometric maps to identify potential aquifers. Determine aquifer characteristics. Monitor groundwater levels and movement to assess for containment and de-watering projects.
- Prepare water well design criteria based on given geological factors and demand requirements.
- Analyze precipitation records to determine probable maximum precipitation events, frequency, and the relationships between frequency, intensity, and duration.
- Predict infiltration rates. Calculate net storm rain and infiltration rates.
- Determine watershed boundaries and characteristics, drainage patterns, catchments area boundaries, and natural flow. Calculate design peak flows and estimate peak flows by flood routing techniques. Delineate flood plains and recommend methods for flood damage mitigation.
- Determine catchment run off, peak flow, snowmelt run of, and flood routing, flood plains and recommended mitigation measures.
- Analyze how nature and man interact with rivers, including how river geometry changes with changes in flow (erosion, sediment deposition and transport).
|Ci06||Geotechnical Infrastructure: Analyze, design, document, inspect, implement monitor and trouble shoot geotechnical infrastructure.
- Develop and implement geotechnical site investigations including bore drilling, geophysical, and other sampling methods and tests. Analyze laboratory and field test results, such as geological reports, subsurface investigations, and in-situ testing.
- Specify land remediation techniques for contaminated soil, and assess its influences on groundwater control systems.
- Classify soils and rocks using systems such as the Unified Soil Classification System, the Canadian System of Soils Classification or a system approved by a given jurisdiction, and confirm the classification using standard ASTM test methods.
- Assess permeability, static water pressures, and effective stress for in-situ soil conditions, and soil mass/volume relationships using piezometers and pump well techniques.
- Assess soils reports for settlement, bearing capacity, and safety factor requirements for foundation designs.
- Calculate relationships between soil conditions, foundation types and loads to determine appropriate foundation design for the application. Design simple shallow spread footings for wall and column units.
- Analyze, monitor, and compare slope movement and causes of slope instability including identification of potential slope hazards.
- Employ various standard slope stabilization techniques to resolve instability problems.
- Apply basic rock mechanics in the analysis of rock slope failures.
- Apply the fundamental principles of earthquakes, including seismic hazards, structural behavior in earthquakes and earthquake resistant design.
- Specify geo-materials and assess their behavior under loading.
- Analyze the design of marine structure foundations based on environmental considerations and breaking and non-breaking waves.
|Ci07||Surveying: Develop and implement civil engineering survey operations to verify and or produce engineering and construction layouts using conventional survey instruments, GIS and GPS systems.
- Select standard survey instruments and GIS and GPS software and hardware.
- Select and implement horizontal and vertical layouts, and transition curves for transportation construction. Perform calculations for transportation curves.
- Select and implement a topographic survey, take measurements, and do the calculations required for the assignment.
- Establish and maintain monuments and to produce survey grid reference systems.
- Select and implement culvert and bridge construction surveys and verify dimensions and vertical alignments.
- Select and implement a construction survey and layout, including line, site, elevations, and grade controls.
- Select and implement methods of laying out a construction project using GIS data and a GPS satellite system.
- Interpret aerial photographs and maps to calculate distance and to carry out field navigation and route planning.
- Evaluate calculations and documentation of survey results.
|Ci08||Contracts: Apply knowledge of ethics, sustainability, contract law, codes, standards, and management principles, to applied science or engineering technology applications consistent with the discipline requirements and program objectives.”Indicators of performance such as:
- Review and prepare typical contracts for compliance with legal principles and the bidding processes.
- Select and implement applicable environmental, and health and safety-related legislation and practices.
- Select and implement environmental sustainability issues resolution.
- Select and implement equipment, materials, and practices that comply with relevant law, legislation, standards, codes, and bylaws.
- Select and implement the CCDC documents.
|Ci09||Transportation Infrastructures: Analyze, design, document, inspect, implement, monitor and trouble shoot transportation infrastructure.Indicators of performance such as:
- Implement and evaluate geotechnical assessment and terrain mapping of landform areas in order to recommend route locations.
- Identify and classify streets, roads and highways in accordance with local, regional and national standards and specifications.
- Produce a complete set of topographic and layout plans and specifications for streets, roads and highways in accordance with Canadian geometric design standards.
- Calculate, compile and assess accumulated earthwork volumes based on provided highway design cross-sections and use the accumulated volumes to prepare a mass haul diagram and determine the project overhaul quantity.
- Design a road drainage system, culvert and drainage appurtenances taking into consideration principles of self-maintenance and fail-safe, while minimizing environmental damage.
- Identify and analyze potential environmental impacts of road construction practices and specify required remedial and/or corrective actions.
- Identify pavement distresses; relate these to the causes of pavement failure, and recommend remedial measures.
- Analyze utility requirements for a proposed street and road development, and assess the potential environmental impact.
- Select, design, and evaluate pavement structures in accordance with accepted standards.
- Calculate pavement structure thicknesses for rigid and flexible materials based on application and foundation conditions.
- Design, evaluate and test asphalt cement and concrete cement mixes for given road and traffic conditions.