 GC01  Technology Report: Research, analyze, prepare, document, submit, and defend a Technology Report (Capstone Project) relating to a significant technologyrelated issue.
 Define the scope or need of a practical investigation. Clearly identify the research question.
 Investigate and document research using a wide range of resources, including published literature and online tools.
 Apply formal problem solving techniques and design procedures like CAD and simulation software, to calculate and test solutions.
 Apply scientific methods and mathematical tools to evaluate and/or predict the technological performance of processes, systems or components.
 Derive evaluation criteria and techniques, and evaluate alternative solutions.
 Create figures and tables to display data.
 Draw conclusions and make recommendations.
 Prepare the technology report in a professional format by applying knowledge of theoretical, practical or applied research, or a comprehensive literature review using accepted principles of documentation, grammar, writing style, electronic principles, graphics and design.
 Present the Final Report, and respond effectively to questions defending project conclusions.

 GC02  Mathematics: **Educational Agencies must select one (or more) of the following outcome statements consistent with the discipline requirements.All Technology programs that include the word “Engineering” in their titles will require substantial coverage of 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3.
 Apply the knowledge of algebra, matrix manipulation and introductory calculus to resolve applied science/engineering technology problems.
2.1.1 Solve technical problems using algebraic equations, functions, factors, ratios and proportions, using trigonometry, using plane geometry, and using exponential and logarithmic functions. 2.1.2 Solve technical problems by plotting mathematical data, and by using graphs and standard equations. 2.1.3 Solve technical problems through fluency with electronic calculator functions and memories, or through fluency with mathematics computer software. 2.1.4 Solve technical problems using basic arithmetic operations on vectors. Evaluate scalar and vector products. 2.1.5 Calculate the derivative of a sum, product, quotient and composition of functions. 2.1.6 Use derivatives to evaluate slopes and to classify functions. 2.1.7 Solve technical problems through the application of differential calculus. 2.1.8 Solve technical problems such as the area under curves, volumes of revolution, length of paths, first moments of area and centres of gravity, through the application of integral calculus principles.
 Apply the knowledge of statistical processes to resolve applied science or engineering technology problems.
2.2.1 Specify and validate sampling methods, collect, organize and report statistical data. Evaluate data in terms of central tendency and dispersion. 2.2.2 Predict events using basic probability techniques. Calculate probabilities, experimental z and t values and correlation coefficients. 2.2.3 Use normal probability distribution, standard normal curve and central limit theorem to analyze sample distributions. Compare and analyze distribution and relative frequencies of discrete and continuous random variables. 2.2.4 Establish confidence intervals for population means; determine and/or use relationships with respect to sample size and population variability. 2.2.5 Determine differences between two population means, and between two population proportions using p values to indicate significance tests for population means. 2.2.6 Analyze and solve technical problems and linear relationships through the application of the principles of linear regression and correlation. Determine correlation coefficients. 2.2.7 Solve quality assurance problems through the application of techniques such as control charting and acceptance sampling. 2.2.8 Develop statistical experimental designs for methods of random sampling with selection of treatments and blocking. 2.2.9 Solve technical problems using chisquare tests, power and exponential regression, and by formulating and testing hypotheses for type I or type II errors.
 Apply the knowledge of advanced algebra, matrix and calculus methodologies to resolve applied science/engineering technology problems.
2.3.1 Solve technical problems using algebraic equations, functions, factors, ratios and proportions, using trigonometry, using plane geometry, and using exponential and logarithmic functions. 2.3.2 Solve technical problems by plotting mathematical data and by using graphs and standard equations. 2.3.3 Solve technical problems through fluency with electronic calculator functions and memories. 2.3.4 Solve technical problems by performing basic arithmetic operations on vectors. Evaluate scalar and vector products. 2.3.5 Determine the derivative of trigonometric and logarithmic functions. Calculate the derivative of a sum, product, quotient and composition of functions. 2.3.6 Solve technical problems through the application of differential calculus. Use derivatives to evaluate slopes and to classify functions. Solve first and second order differential equations. Apply La Place transforms. Apply Fourier transforms. Apply numerical methods to solve first and second order differential equations. 2.3.7 Solve technical problems using definite and indefinite integrals. Solve problems such as the area under curves, volumes of revolution, length of paths, first moments of area and centres of gravity, through the application of integral calculus principles. Apply trapezium or Simpson’s rule. 2.3.8 Solve technical problems by solving simultaneous linear equations using determinants. 2.3.9 Solve technical problems through the application of complex numbers. Perform arithmetic operations on complex numbers. Convert a complex number between rectangular and polar form. Determine modulus, phase, real and imaginary parts of a complex number. Express complex numbers in exponent form and perform operations using this notation. 2.3.10 Solve technical problems using matrices. Perform arithmetic operations on matrices. Express and solve simultaneous equations as matrices. 2.3.11 Decompose partial fractions. 2.3.12 Solve technical problems through the application of linear programming. 2.3.13 Solve technical problems involving arithmetic, geometric and other series. Evaluate limits of a sequence or series. Apply Taylor’s series. 2.3.14 Solve technical problems through the application of advanced techniques of integration by parts, trigonometric or algebraic substitution, partial fractions, or integral tables.
 Apply the knowledge of discrete/finite mathematics and logic systems to solve applied science and engineering technology problems.
2.4.1 Solve technical problems using algorithmic functions. 2.4.2 Understand the basics of finite mathematics such as integers, finite graphs and formal languages. 2.4.3 Apply the concepts and notations from discrete mathematics to solve computer algorithmic problems and programming languages.

 GC03  Project Management: Apply current industry practices of project management and business principles.
 Formulate a strategy for the management of a project based on expected life cycle and the role that the project might play within an industrial, manufacturing, environmental, laboratory or similar setting.
 Recognize the interplay between time, costs and quality elements of a project.
 Apply technology project elements, such as integration, scope, time, cost, quality, communications, personnel, risk and procurement in a project of defined scope.
 Demonstrate knowledge of the processes associated with initiating a project.
 Generate a project charter and define the constraints.
 Develop a plan for a project of defined scope for implementing the various project elements.
 Identify measures to control changes to the scope, schedule, cost and quality of the project.
 Define and document project activities and tasks.
 Develop a project schedule utilizing both a manual method and a computerized method, such as critical path and/or a Gantt chart.
 Identify the human resource requirements of a project of defined scope.

 GC04  Physical & Natural Science: Apply the principles of physical and natural science.
 Apply the principles of physics of heat, light, sound and electricity.
 Apply the principles of general, organic and inorganic chemistry.® Reg’d trademark of Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists
 Apply the principles of material science and/or physical chemistry.
 Apply the principles of earth and life sciences.
 Apply the principles of geomatic sciences.
 Develop and demonstrate expertise in experimentation, observation, measurement, and documentation through laboratory experiences.

 GC05  Ethics, Sustainability, Contracts, and Codes:
 Understand the professional Code of Ethics of the Provincial Association or Society.
 Understanding of legal and professional accountabilities in the workplace.
 Apply ethical reasoning to resolve social, contractual and environmental issues, with respect to a project.
 Understand environmental sustainability issues with respect to a project.
 Apply the principles of sustainability in an applied science or engineering technology project.
 Demonstrate knowledge of codes and standards applicable to the discipline.
 Demonstrate a basic understanding of contracts.
 Demonstrate knowledge of confidentiality and privacy regulations, as well as other pertinent regulatory frameworks and/or compliancy requirements.

 GC06  Communication: Obtain and analyze data. Prepare charts and reports and present to stakeholders.
 Determine the appropriate source and type of data required, and develop appropriate strategies for data collection.
 Conduct and/or supervise the taking of measurements, their recording and evaluation.
 Analyze and interpret data using systematic approaches to problem solving and decisionmaking.
 Prepare sketches and/or drawings in accordance with discipline standards, formats, symbols and reference systems.
 Prepare schematic diagrams appropriate for the discipline.
 Produce plans, drawings, details and presentation graphics using computeraided drafting software.
 Evaluate data relationships for an applied science or engineering technology project’s interface with its physical environment.® Reg’d trademark of Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists
 Prepare and present projectrelated documents, including reports in oral and written formats, as appropriate for the task and the discipline.
 Present data reflective of work performed in the chosen field.
 Report and communicate findings to a variety of audiences.

 GC07  Computer Knowledge: Utilize a variety of appropriate computer hardware and software necessary to the performance of tasks within the discipline.
 Determine when computers or other technology can enhance productivity, the completion of tasks, solving of problems, performing research or creating products.
 Use basic computer operating systems and common application software competently.
 Determine which tasks are best handled using computers or other technology.
 Select, and effectively and ethically use suitable software, tools and equipment for the task.
 Transfer data using electronic communication systems.
 Manage computer file systems.
 Solve technical problems using computer applications.
 Use Internet technologies to transfer, research and retrieve information.
 Demonstrate safe computing practices.

 GC08  Health & Safety: Apply knowledge of safe working practices, including Occupational Health & Safety Regulations.
 Demonstrate knowledge of health and safety legislation and apply this knowledge to practices applicable to a discipline.
 Prepare site/projectspecific Health and Safety Plans.
 Demonstrate knowledge of provincially regulated first aid program.
 Demonstrate knowledge of legislation with respect to designated substances.
 Demonstrate knowledge of legislation with respect to the transportation of dangerous goods.
 Demonstrate knowledge of, and apply health and safety legislation with respect to accident prevention.® Reg’d trademark of Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists
 Analyze a workplace area, and initiate action to handle unsafe or hazardous situations.
 Perform prescribed safety and environmental inspections.
 Demonstrate the knowledge of safe working practices and the ability to work safely in a lab or shop environment.
 Operate workplace equipment safely.
